The Six Illinois State Goals for Physical Development and Health (2013)

Comprehensive physical development and health programs offer great potential for enhancing the capacity of students' minds and bodies.  Extensive research connects the ability to learn to good health.  Healthy minds and bodies are basic to academic success and, in later life, enhance the ability to contribute to a productive work environment.

Goal 19

Acquire movement and motor skills and understand concepts necessary to engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity.

Why Is This Goal Important?

Performance of physical activities involves competency in a wide range of motor, non-motor and manipulative skills. Learning in this area is developmental, building simple movements into more complex patterns. Learning to follow directions and rules enhances enjoyment and success in both recreational and competitive sports. Working toward higher levels of competence, students learn how to maintain health and fitness as individuals and as members of teams.

Learning Standards  (To be used as a guide for school districts)

1.  Demonstrate physical competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns.

2.  Analyze various movement concepts and applications.

3.  Demonstrate knowledge of rules, safety and strategies during physical activity.

Goal 20

Achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness based upon continual self-assessment.

Why Is This Goal Important?

Regular physical activity is necessary to sustain fitness and health. Students need to apply training principles-frequency, intensity, time and type (FITT) - to achieve their personal fitness goals. Fitness expectations need to be established on an individual basis; realistic goals need to be based on the health-related components (strength, flexibility, cardio respiratory endurance and body composition) and skill-related components of fitness (balance, agility, spatial awareness, power, reaction time, coordination, and speed). By learning and applying these concepts, students can develop lifelong understanding and good habits for overall health and fitness.

Learning Standards


1.  Know and apply the principles and components of health-related fitness and skill-related fitness as applied to learning and performance of physical activities.

2.  Assess individual fitness levels.

3.  Set goals based on fitness data and develop, implement and monitor an individual fitness improvement plan.

Goal 21

Develop skills necessary to become a successful member of a team by working with others during physical activity.

Why is this goal important?

As members of teams, students need to fill the role of leader at times and participant at other times.  Knowing how to follow procedures, accept leadership from others, participate actively and lead when appropriate will serve the student on and off the playing field.  Students need to know the elements of teamwork (communication, decision making, cooperation, leadership) and how to adjust individual needs to team needs.  Students also need to be able to recognize each member's contributions, including their own.

Learning Standards

1.  Demonstrate personal responsibility during group physical activities.

2.  Demonstrate cooperative skills during structured group physical activity.

Goal 22

Understand principles of health promotion and the prevention and treatment of illness and injury.

Why is this goal important?

Nutrition, exercise, rest, hygiene and safety are the bases for personal, family and occupational health.  From an early age, students can recognize healthy habits and understand why they are important.  As students become more sophisticated in their understanding, they learn and can adopt a variety of ways to minimize illness and enhance health.  Learners will be able to apply the effects of health-related actions to success in the workplace.  Students who develop an effective understanding of basic health promotion can establish the foundation for achieving and maintaining personal health and well being by making informed wellness decisions now and throughout their lives.

Learning Standards


1.  Explain the basic principles of health promotion, illness prevention and safety including how to access valid information, products and services.

2.  Describe and explain the factors that influence health among individuals, groups and communities.

3.  Explain how the environment can affect health.

4.  Describe how to advocate for the health of individuals, families and communities.

Goal 23

Understand human body systems and factors that influence growth and development.

Why is this goal important?

To achieve healthful individual development, students need to understand human anatomy and physiology, nutrition, stages of growth and development, avoidance of harmful actions and the characteristics of good health habits.  Early learners begin with basic recognition of body systems and growth stages.  As students progress, they understand how systems work together and how individual actions affect health.  As they themselves grow and develop, students can learn to enhance the process throughout their school years and later life.

Learning Standards

1.  Describe and explain the structure and functions of the human body systems and how they interrelate.

2.  Explain the effects of health-related actions on the body systems.

3.  Describe factors that affect growth and development.

4.  Describe and explain the structures and functions of the brain and how they are impacted by different types of physical activity and levels of fitness.


Goal 24

Promote and enhance health and well-being through the use of effective communication and decision-making skills.

Why Is This Goal Important?

From an early age, students need to know how to communicate their health needs and learn to take responsibility for their own health.  They also need to know how and why personal decisions can affect their own health and well-being.  Consideration for the needs of others becomes part of health promotion as well.  Students who can clearly identify and communicate about health-related issues-and can make healthful personal decisions-will benefit as they grow and mature in school and into responsible workers and citizens.

Learning Standards

1.  Demonstrate procedures for communicating in positive ways, resolving differences and preventing conflict.

2.  Apply decision-making skills related to the protection and promotion of individual, family, and community health.

3.  Demonstrate skills essential to enhancing health and avoiding dangerous situations.